Rapid reaction SWAT members leave the scene of a mass shooting at the Tree of Life Congregation in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on Oct. 27, 2018 that left 11 worshippers dead.(Jeff Swensen/Getty Images)

This is a developing story. 

(JTA) — The chief medical examiner of Pittsburgh’s Allegheny County released the names of the 11 victims of the synagogue shooting in Pittsburgh Saturday.

The victims include two brothers, as well as a husband and wife. The youngest victim was 54 and the oldest was 97. The shooting took place Saturday morning at Tree of Life Congregation, which houses three separate prayer services. In addition to the 11 victims, two congregants and four police officers were injured,

Federal officials said in a press conference Sunday that said they were treating the shooting, allegedly by Robert Bowers, as a hate crime. Before entering the synagogue, Bowers posted a message on his website condemning the Jewish refugee aid group HIAS shortly before entering the synagogue. He shouted anti-Semitic statements during the assault.

Bowers entered the synagogue at about 9:45 a.m. and began firing. He was stopped 20 minutes later by police as he was exiting the building. He had an AR-15 semi-automatic rifle, as well as three handguns. Officials said he appears to have used all of them.

Bowers has been charged with 29 counts by federal officials and will be arraigned Monday afternoon. The counts include with 11 counts of obstruction of exercise of religious beliefs resulting in death, as well as 11 counts of use of a firearm to commit murder during and in relation to a crime of violence.

At a press conference Sunday, federal officials as well as the mayor of Pittsburgh, Bill Peduto, expressed sympathy for the victims’ families and solidarity with the Jewish community of Squirrel Hill, the historically Jewish neighborhood where the shooting took place.

“The Jewish community is the backbone,” Peduto said of the Squirrel Hill neighborhood. “It is part of the fabric of Pittsburgh and we will be there in all communities to help our friends in the Jewish community. We’ve been knocked down before but we’ve always been able to stand up because we work together.”

“We know that we as a society are better than this,” he added. “We know that hate will never win out.”

“This is an awful, awful period for our Jewish community and especially for the families that have been affected, and it’s real once you hear the names,” said Jeff Finkelstein, president and CEO of Pittsburgh’s Jewish federation, at the press conference Sunday. “We’ll be there for them and be there to help our Jewish community and the Pittsburgh region heal from this.”

Peduto also pushed back against a statement by President Donald Trump that an armed guard could have prevented the carnage at the synagogue. Peduto said that instead of arming more people, the focus should be on stopping irrational hatred and removing guns from the hands of those who seek to do harm.

“We shouldn’t be trying to find ways to minimize the dangers that occur from irrational behavior,” he said. “We should be working to eliminate irrational behavior and the empowerment of people who would seek to cause this type of carnage from continuing. The approach we need to be looking at is how we take the guns, which is the common denominator of every mass shooting in America, out of the hands of those who are looking to express hatred through murder.”

Below is some information on the victims of the shooting, as announced by Karl Williams, the chief medical examiner of Allegheny County.

David Rosenthal, 54, and Cecil Rosenthal, 59

These two brothers were very involved in the local Jewish community. “Neither man had one ounce of hate in their hearts. I grieve for these men. They will be missed,” read a tweet by a member of the synagogue. The brothers lived in a community home run by ACHIEVA,which provides residential and employment services for adults with intellectual disabilities. The brothers were roommates. “They loved life. They loved their community. They spent a lot of time at the Tree of Life, never missing a Saturday.  If they were here they would tell you that is where they were supposed to be,” said Chris Schopf, vice president of Residential Supports at ACHIEVA.

Bernice Simon, 84, and Sylvan Simon, 86

The Simons were husband and wife. The were married at the Tree of Life Congregation in 1956 in a candlelight ceremony, the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review reported. “They held hands and they always smiled and he would open the door for her, all those things that you want from another person,” neighbor Heather Graham told the newspaper. “They were really generous and nice to everybody. It’s just horrific.”

Daniel Stein, 71

Stein once served as president of the New Light Congregation, one of the three congregations that were housed in the synagogue building, the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review reported. He recently became a grandfather for the first time, according to local reports. “He was always willing to help anybody,” said his nephew, Steven Halle. “He was somebody that everybody liked, very dry sense of humor and recently had a grandson who loved him.”

Jerry Rabinowitz, 66

Rabinowitz was a physician and was involved in the Reconstructionist congregation, Dor Hadash, that met in the building, at one time having served as its president. “Jerry was one of the backbones of the congregation,” Laura Horowitz, a congregant, who wept when she read his name, told JTA. “He blows — he blew — the shofar on Yom Kippur.”

Richard Gottfried, 65

Gottfried’s nephew honored his uncle in a tweet. “Today I lost an important person in my life. My uncle was murdered doing what he loved, praying to G-D. I don’t want to live in a world where I must fear to live as a Jew. I thank everyone in BBYO for being so supportive and I hope this never happens again! #PittsburghStrong,” the tweet from Jacob Gottfried said.

Joyce Feinberg, 75

Feinberg was a native of Toronto, Canada, and lived in several cities in the U.S. before settling in Pittsburgh where her husband, Stephen, was Professor Emeritus at Carnegie Mellon University before his death in December 2016, Toronto City News reported. She retired in  2008 from her job as a researcher at the University of Pittsburgh’s Learning Research and Development Cente looking at learning in the classroom and in museums.

Rose Mallinger, 97

Though many news reports circulated that Rose Mallinger was a Holocaust survivor, a family friend tweeted that she was not. Mallinger’s great-niece told her friend that her aunt was “the most caring gentle loving woman.” Her daughter, Andrea Wedner, 61,  is among those who were wounded in the attack, the Post-Gazette reported.

Melvin Wax, 88

Wax, a retired accountant and a grandfather, was described by fellow congregants as a “pillar” of the congregation, the Associated Press reported. He was a leader of the Or Chadash, or New Light Congregation, which moved into the Tree of Life Congregation building a year ago after the congregation, made up mostly older members, could no longer afford its own synagogue building. He reportedly was leading his congregation’s services at the time of the attack. Myron Snider, chairman of the congregation’s cemetery committee and a friend of Wax’s, described him as generous and kind. He added that they shared mostly clean jokes at the end of each service.

Irving Younger, 69

Younger was a father and grandfather who had recently undergone surgery, his neighbor told the Post-Gazette. “He was a really nice guy,” Jonathan Voye told the newspaper. He also reportedly volunteered as a Little League coach.

Daniel Leger, 70, a retired nurse and local hospital chaplain, suffered critical injuries in his chest, his brother, Paul Leger, told the Tribune-Review. He had two surgeries on Saturday and remains in critical condition, according to reports. Leger, who is married and has two sons, was scheduled to lead a service Saturday morning at the Tree of Life synagogue.

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