Which Major League Baseball Team is the Most “Jewish”?

Players from the following teams, clockwise from top left: New York Mets, New York Yankees, Chicago Cubs and San Francisco Giants. (Getty Images)

October marks the beginning of a new year, a time of fresh starts and second chances — and playoff baseball, the climax of a summer of (we still insist) American Jewry’s favorite sport.

But if Jews and baseball go together like peanuts and Cracker Jacks (Jewish immigrants found America “in baseball,” as a sociologist once wrote), certainly some teams go together better than others. What makes a team the most “Jewish”?

Geography? History? The Jewish players who sat in their dugouts, or perhaps the Jewish owners and general managers who sit in their front offices? Just as every Jew insists on his or her way of being Jewish, every Jewish fan can feel at times like their squad is the chosen team. In that spirit, we asked members of the JTA staff to argue why some of the contenders this year (and years past) might be the most Jewish in the major leagues.

Chicago Cubs

SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA - AUGUST 23: Kris Bryant #17 of the Chicago Cubs, right, is congratulated by Addison Russell #27 after scoring during the fifth inning of a baseball game against the San Diego Padres at PETCO Park on August 23, 2016 in San Diego, California. (Photo by Denis Poroy/Getty Images)

Addison Russell, left, with Cubs teammate Kris Bryant during the fifth inning of a game against the Padres at Petco Park in San Diego, Aug. 23, 2016. (Denis Poroy/Getty Images)

Our hope is not yet lost. We’ve been cursed, rejected, persecuted, doomed to an existence of pain and suffering. But we do not abandon our traditions. We do not lose our faith. Each day we return, our eyes to God and Theo Epstein, praying to renew our days as of old.

The Jew and the Cubs fan are kindred spirits: The Jew laments the exile of 2,000 years. The Cubs fan mourns 107 years without a World Series win. The Jew remembers death and destruction — in Spain, Russia, Poland and Germany. The Cubs fan remembers seasons snatched away — in 1945, 1969, 1984 and 2003.

The Jew holds strong to tradition — fasting on Yom Kippur, recounting the Exodus at Passover, abstaining from pork and shellfish. The Cubs fan stays true to custom — waving the W flag, throwing back opponents’ home run balls, pounding Old Style beer and singing “Take Me Out to the Ball Game.”

The Jew travels to a holy site — the Western Wall, covered in green plants, steeped in memory and mired in controversy over who can pray where. The Cubs fan also travels to a holy site — Wrigley Field, covered in green plants, steeped in memory and mired in controversy over a hideous Jumbotron.

Things are good for the Cubs fan now. The team has more than 100 wins and is favored to take the World Series. But the Cubs fan knows history. And the Cubs fan knows the Curse of the Billy Goat may still strike again.

— Ben Sales

New York Yankees

BOSTON, MA - SEPTEMBER 17: Gary Sanchez #24 of the New York Yankees slaps high fives after hitting a two run homer in the third inning against the Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park on September 17, 2016 in Boston, Massachusetts. (Photo by Darren McCollester/Getty Images)

Gary Sanchez, left, high-fiving Yankee teammates Brett Gardner, center, and Starlin Castro at a game against the Red Sox at Fenway Park in Boston, Sept. 17, 2016. (Darren McCollester/Getty Images)

They are the hometown team of America’s most Jewish city, their pinstripes are evocative of a tallis and it’s not too hard to get a minyan in the stands (not to mention a kosher frank). Is there any doubt the New York Yankees are the most Jewish of baseball teams?

The Bronx Bombers are the winningest team ever in professional sports, and the Jews are the Chosen People. There’s no greater shidduch. Sure, the Yankees aren’t known for an abundance of Jews on the field — notwithstanding some legends like Ron Blomberg, the first designated hitter, and Jimmie Reese (born James Herman Solomon), who hit .346 as Babe Ruth’s teammate in 1930.

But with their storied history, the Yankees stand for tradition. That’s what the Jewish people are all about.

— Uriel Heilman

Los Angeles Dodgers

LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA - SEPTEMBER 24:  Clayton Kershaw #22 of the Los Angeles Dodgers throws a pitch in the first inning against the Colorado Rockies at Dodger Stadium on September 24, 2016 in Los Angeles, California.  (Photo by Stephen Dunn/Getty Images)

Clayton Kershaw of the Los Angeles Dodgers pitching against the Colorado Rockies at Dodger Stadium, Sept. 24, 2016. (Stephen Dunn/Getty Images)

Some younger baseball fans are likely unaware that before relocating to Los Angeles, one of the country’s most Jewish cities, the Dodgers were based in what is often thought of as the nation’s Jewish capital: Brooklyn, New York. After playing in South Brooklyn and then Brownsville, the team moved to the storied Ebbets Field in Flatbush — or what one Jewish sports writer called a neighborhood of “kosher butchers, grocery stores with the owner living in the back … [and] men sitting on the newsstand arguing about baseball.”

Of course, this franchise also gave us the most Jewish moment in professional sports history. On Oct. 6, 1965, Brooklyn native and Hall of Fame pitcher Sandy Koufax sat out the first game of the World Series when it fell on Yom Kippur. Jewish fans young and old still kvell over the ace’s decision to this day.

The list of other Jewish Dodgers includes Cal Abrams (who went by “Abie”) and the Sherry brothers, Norm and Larry. Larry was the 1959 World Series MVP — and when Koufax won that award in 1963 and 1965, that gave the team a string of three consecutive Jews to receive the honor.

— Gabe Friedman

New York Mets

NEW YORK, NY - SEPTEMBER 25: Asdrubal Cabrera #13 of the New York Mets celebrates hitting a grand slam with Jose Reyes #7 of the New York Mets during the seventh inning against the Philadelphia Phillies at Citi Field on September 25, 2016 in the Flushing neighborhood of the Queens borough of New York City. (Photo by Adam Hunger/Getty Images)

Jose Reyes, left, celebrating with Mets teammate Asdrubal Cabrera during a game against the Philadelphia Phillies at Citi Field in New York, Sept. 25, 2016. (Adam Hunger/Getty Images)

If the Yankees are the perennial winners, the symbols of efficient excellence — one might even say the league’s oppressors (or, in the famous words of one Red Sox executive, the “evil empire”) — the Mets are the opposite: underdogs, clumsy nebbishes, a quirky group of underestimated misfits who occasionally flourish. In other words, they represent the whole of Jewish athletics — and the darkhorse spirit that has characterized our tribe throughout history. If the Yankees are Goliaths, the Mets are the Davids.

Furthermore, what other team has a slogan more Jewish than “Ya gotta believe”? What other team can claim to have received the kind of divine intervention that made that ball go through Bill Buckner’s legs in the 1986 World Series? What other team can point to so many Job-like tests (like the consecutive collapses of 2007 and 2008) punctuated by periods of relative prosperity (which feel ever so much sweeter because of the lean times)? If that’s not the Jewish story, what is?

Famous Jewish Mets include Art Shamsky — a fan favorite on the 1969 team, which delivered the franchise’s first World Series — and Shawn Green, who hit over 300 home runs in his career and, like Koufax, sat out games that fell on Yom Kippur.

— Gabe Friedman

San Francisco Giants

SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA - SEPTEMBER 22:  San Francisco Giants players celebrate after beating the San Diego Padres 2-1 in a baseball game at PETCO Park on September 22, 2016 in San Diego, California.  (Photo by Denis Poroy/Getty Images)

San Francisco Giants players, including Hunter Pence, right, celebrating a win against the Padres at Petco Park in San Diego, Sept. 22, 2016. (Denis Poroy/Getty Images)

How many baseball franchises have put four Jewish players on the field at the same time? The Giants, on Sept. 11, 1941 — when they played in New York — had a battery of Harry Feldman pitching and Harry Danning catching, with Sid Gordon and Morrie Arnovich manning two of the three outfield spots. The team’s Jewish history dates back even further, when Andy Cohen patrolled second base in the 1920s.

Manager John McGraw supposedly wanted a Jewish player to attract fans to the Polo Grounds in Manhattan, an answer to Babe Ruth of the Yankees drawing crowds in the Bronx. Fast forward to the late 2000s, when the San Francisco Giants called up an outfielder named Brian Horwitz, aka “The Rabbi.” In the front office, club president Larry Baer brought home three World Series titles starting in 2008 — from a franchise that hadn’t won a championship since 1954. The team is also known for its succession of players with Hasidic-worthy beards — see Hunter Pence, Sergio Romo and Brian Wilson. Now if only Willie Mays were Jewish.

— Marc Brodsky

Cleveland Indians

DETROIT, MI - SEPTEMBER 26: Coco Crisp #4 of the Cleveland Indians celebrates with Jose Ramirez #11 after hitting a two-run home run against the Detroit Tigers during the second inning at Comerica Park on September 26, 2016 in Detroit, Michigan. (Photo by Duane Burleson/Getty Images)

Coco Crisp, left, celebrating with Cleveland teammate Jose Ramirez in a game against the Detroit Tigers at Comerica Park in Detroit, Sept. 26, 2016. (Duane Burleson/Getty Images)

No collection of Jewy baseball teams would be complete without the Tribe — yes, the much maligned Cleveland Indians.

The Indians recently clinched the Central Division of the American League for their first trip to the playoffs since 2001.  They have won the World Series just twice: in 1920 and 1948. The most prominent Jewish member of the Tribe was slugger Al Rosen, “The Hebrew Hammer,” who spent his entire career from 1947 to 1956 with the Indians. He also refused to play on the High Holidays.

In 2002, Mark Shapiro was named general manager. In 2010 he became the team’s president, a job he held for five years.

The Indians have had a kosher hot dog stand at their field for more than 15 years and hold an annual Jewish community night that draws hundreds of Jewish fans to the downtown Cleveland venue. And what other fan base can proudly call themselves members of the Tribe?

— Marcy Oster

Philadelphia Phillies

NEW YORK, NEW YORK - SEPTEMBER 22:  Maikel Franco #7 of the Philadelphia Phillies connects on a three run home run in the eighth inning against the New York Mets at Citi Field on September 22, 2016 in the Flushing neighborhood of the Queens borough of New York City.  (Photo by Mike Stobe/Getty Images)

Maikel Franco of the Philadelphia Phillies hitting a home run against the Mets at Citi Field in New York, Sept. 22, 2016. (Mike Stobe/Getty Images)

The Phillies are the most Jewish team in the sense that the franchise has survived — and even occasionally thrived — despite a long and unprecedented history of futility. No professional sports team has lost more games; no people has suffered so much over such a long period of time. And when you look at it that way, what could be more Jewish than blowing a chance to sign a then-unknown Sandy Koufax, as the Phils did when they tried lowballing the future icon with a measly $1,500 contract offer.

— Ami Eden